is the process of serial ultrasound monitoring of the ovarian follicles to identify maturation of eggs and ovulation. It helps in assessing the size of the follicle that supports the growing egg and for determining the thickness of the uterine lining. In women taking fertility medication, follicle monitoring is essential to assess her response to treatment. The dose of the fertility medication can be adjusted during treatment if there is an inadequate response or if too many eggs start to mature which can increase the risk for developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
When the eggs are mature, patients are advised to have planned relations, or Intrauterine Insemination or proceed with egg collection in case of an In-Vitro Fertilization Cycle.
Ultrasound Monitoring enables the Doctor to understand present status of the uterus, endometrium and ovaries. Abnormalities in these findings could help to explain why a woman may have difficulty conceiving. It also identifies ovarian cysts, pelvic collection, hydrosalpinx etc.