Ultrasound Monitoring enables the doctor to understand the status of the uterus, in terms of size and shape, the endometrium and ovaries. Abnormalities in these could help to explain why a woman has difficulty in conceiving. It also identifies ovarian cysts, pelvic collection, hydrosalpinx etc. which may have a deter-mental effect on the IVF outcome and can change the plan of treatment.
Follicular Monitoring is the process of serial ultrasound monitoring of the ovarian follicles to identify maturation of eggs and ovulation. It helps in assessing the size of the follicle that supports the growing egg and for determining the thickness of the uterine lining. In women taking fertility medication, follicle monitoring is essential to assess her response to treatment. The dose of the fertility medication can be adjusted during treatment if there is an inadequate response or if too many eggs start to mature at the same time, which can increase the risk for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
When the eggs are mature, patients are advised to have planned relations, or Intrauterine Insemination is done or egg collection in case of an In-Vitro Fertilization Cycle or depending on the patient’s requirement.